Are Child Soldiers Responsible For Their Actions?

Can child soldiers commit war crimes?

77.2), the convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (2002) all forbid state armed forces and non-state armed groups from using children under the age of 15 directly in armed conflict (technically “hostilities”).

This is now recognised as a war crime..

What drugs are child soldiers given?

Children are given a mixture of cane juice (from sugar cane) and gunpowder which makes them high and is supposed to give them courage to go and fight at the front.”As in another case a worker explained: “Kids are often supplied with drugs; marijuana is the most common drug, but kids are given cocaine too, and cane …

Can child soldiers be rehabilitated?

Medical attention, therapy and education are key in rehabilitating former child soldiers. Think about how a child becomes a soldier: … Today, the International Rescue Committee estimates that there are 300,000 children currently trained for combat or used as porters, spies or sex slaves for war around the world.

Is child soldiers still a problem?

A global problem In 2017, the advocacy group Child Soldiers International estimated that more than 100,000 children were forced to become soldiers in state and non-state military organizations in at least 18 armed conflicts worldwide.

What are the many risks for child soldiers?

Known risk factors for becoming a child soldier are poverty, less or no access to education, living in a war-torn region, displacement, and separation from one’s family, with orphans and refugees being particularly vulnerable (Beth, 2001).

Why child soldiers should be allowed?

Besides being able to use lethal weapons, children have other advantages as soldiers. They are easier to intimidate and they do as they are told. They are also less likely than adults to run away and they do not demand salaries. In long-drawn-out conflicts children also become a valued resource.

Are child soldiers violent?

The recruitment and use of children by armed forces or armed groups is a grave violation of child rights and international humanitarian law. While living among armed actors, children experience unconscionable forms of violence.

What country has the most child soldiers?

Factbox: Ten facts about child soldiers around the worldTens of thousands of children are estimated to be recruited and used by armed groups. … The Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, Syria and Yemen currently have the largest number of child soldiers.Children are not only recruited by armed forces and groups as fighters.More items…•Feb 11, 2021

Why does Africa use child soldiers?

These soldiers were used to collect information for the army. Those that were not recruited to be doria joined the Peace Guards, a government militia unit, or worse, risked being coerced or bribed to be informants for the opposition.

How does child soldiers violate human rights?

“Child victims who have been forced or lured into armed groups suffer a broad range of human rights violations and abuses, including their right to life, right to not be subjected to sexual violence or other forms of torture, right to education and right to freedom of thought conscience and religion,” said Saeed Mokbil …

Why are child soldiers bad?

Because children are often physically vulnerable, easily intimidated, and susceptible to psychological manipulation, they typically make obedient soldiers. As part of their training for violence, child recruits are often subject to grueling physical tasks as well as ideological indoctrination.

What age are the youngest child soldiers?

7 years oldAs many as two-thirds of these child fighters are under 15 years of age, with the youngest being 7 years old.

How are child soldiers brainwashed?

By night his troops abduct children from their parents, frog march them to training camps, hand them a gun and force them to fight. “The children are brainwashed. They are forced to kill their own relatives and shoot fellow soldiers who try to escape,” Father Carlos Rodriguez Soto, a Spanish missionary in Gulu, said.

Are child soldiers victims or perpetrators?

In sum, in children’s rights law, child soldiers are predominantly considered to be victims, rather than perpetrators.

What do child soldiers have to do?

Thousands of children are serving as soldiers in armed conflicts around the world. These boys and girls, some as young as 8 years old, serve in government forces and armed opposition groups. They may fight on the front lines, participate in suicide missions, and act as spies, messengers, or lookouts.

Why child soldiers should not be given amnesty?

Child soldiers do not deserve amnesty because they were conscious they were doing harm to others. “Children should be held accountable for their crimes during conflict, because they knew they were killing people and did not stop” (Burg).

What is the punishment for child soldiers?

Whoever violates, or attempts or conspires to violate, subsection (a) shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both and, if death of any person results, shall be fined under this title and imprisoned for any term of years or for life.